Tuesday, March 15, 2011

Bugyals In Uttarakhand

A Bugyal is a high altitude alpine grass lands, or meadows, in the state of Uttarakhand in India. They are colloquially referred as `nature`s own gardens`. They can be smooth or sloped, and are covered with green grass and seasonal flowers. These provide an outstanding grazing ground and pastures for tribal herdsmen.

At elevations varying from 3300 meters to 4000 meters, these alpine meadows remain snow covered in winter. In the summer, the meadows throw forth a multitude of beautiful flowers and grass. The basins of Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Bandarpunch have extensive bugyals. Bugyals constitute a fragile ecosystem, and hence need to be cautiously managed. The names of some of the major Bugyals are the Auli, Gorso, Kwanri Bugyal, Bedni Bugyal, Chaudas Bugyal, Jiolingkong, Dayara Bugyal, Tali Bugyals and many more.

A Bugyal is a high altitude alpine grass lands, or meadows, in Uttarakhand, India. They are locally referred as 'nature’s own gardens'. They can be flat or sloped, and are carpeted with green grass and seasonal flowers. These provide an excellent grazing ground and pastures for tribal herdsmen. At elevations ranging between 3300 meters and 4000 meters, these alpine meadows remain snow covered in winter. In the summer, the meadows burst into a multitude of beautiful flowers and grass. The basins of Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Bandarpunch have extensive bugyals. Bugyals have very fragile ecosystems, and hence need to be carefully managed.

Bedni Bugyal. On the way to Roopkund.

Nandadevi National Park and Biosphere Reserve
Valley of Flowers Biosphere Reserve. Elevation 3354 meters.
Panwali & Kush-Kalyani. Between Gangotri and Kedarnath. Elevation 2745–3970 meters.

Dayara. Near Uttarkashi.
Munsiyari Bugyal. In Pithoragarh district.
hhati Bugyal. In Chamoli District.
Rikhade Bugyal. In Bhatti Village - Chamoli District.
Jiolingkong
Chaudas Bugyal
Dayara Bugyal
Panwali Bugyals. Elevation 4060 meters.
Tali Bugyals
Ali Bugyal
Chhiplakot Bugyal
Byans Bugyal
Darma Bugyal

Wikipedia.org

Bugyals In Uttarakhand

A Bugyal is a high altitude alpine grass lands, or meadows, in the state of Uttarakhand in India. They are colloquially referred as `nature`s own gardens`. They can be smooth or sloped, and are covered with green grass and seasonal flowers. These provide an outstanding grazing ground and pastures for tribal herdsmen.

At elevations varying from 3300 meters to 4000 meters, these alpine meadows remain snow covered in winter. In the summer, the meadows throw forth a multitude of beautiful flowers and grass. The basins of Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Bandarpunch have extensive bugyals. Bugyals constitute a fragile ecosystem, and hence need to be cautiously managed. The names of some of the major Bugyals are the Auli, Gorso, Kwanri Bugyal, Bedni Bugyal, Chaudas Bugyal, Jiolingkong, Dayara Bugyal, Tali Bugyals and many more.

A Bugyal is a high altitude alpine grass lands, or meadows, in Uttarakhand, India. They are locally referred as 'nature’s own gardens'. They can be flat or sloped, and are carpeted with green grass and seasonal flowers. These provide an excellent grazing ground and pastures for tribal herdsmen. At elevations ranging between 3300 meters and 4000 meters, these alpine meadows remain snow covered in winter. In the summer, the meadows burst into a multitude of beautiful flowers and grass. The basins of Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Bandarpunch have extensive bugyals. Bugyals have very fragile ecosystems, and hence need to be carefully managed.

Bedni Bugyal. On the way to Roopkund.

Nandadevi National Park and Biosphere Reserve
Valley of Flowers Biosphere Reserve. Elevation 3354 meters.
Panwali & Kush-Kalyani. Between Gangotri and Kedarnath. Elevation 2745–3970 meters.

Dayara. Near Uttarkashi.
Munsiyari Bugyal. In Pithoragarh district.
hhati Bugyal. In Chamoli District.
Rikhade Bugyal. In Bhatti Village - Chamoli District.
Jiolingkong
Chaudas Bugyal
Dayara Bugyal
Panwali Bugyals. Elevation 4060 meters.
Tali Bugyals
Ali Bugyal
Chhiplakot Bugyal
Byans Bugyal
Darma Bugyal

Wikipedia.org

Glaciers In Uttarakhand

1. Bandar Punch
Location : Garhwal
Height : 6,102 - 6,316 m
Length : 12 km

2. Bhagirathi Khark
Location : Chamoli
Height : 3,820 m
Length : 18 km

3. Chorbari Bamak
Location : Rudraprayag
Height : 600 - 3,800 m
Length : 6 km

4. Dokriani
Location : Uttarkashi
Height : 3,800 m
Length 5 km

5. Doonagiri
Location : Almora
Height : 4,240 m - 5,150 m
Length : 5.5 km

6. Gangotri
Location : Uttarkashi
Height : 4,120 - 7,000 m
Length : 30 km , Width : 2 - 4 km

7. Kalabaland
Location : Pithoragarh
Height : 5983 - 6,559 m
Length : 15 km

8. Kaphini
Location : Kumaon
Height : 6,236 - 6,860 m
Length : 3 km

9. Khatling
Location : Tehri
Height : 6,316 - 6,387 m


10. Maiktoli
Location : Kumaon
Height : 4,000 m
Length : 5 km

11. Meola (Athasi-Balati)
Location : Pithoragarh
Height : 3,600 m

12. Milam
Location : Kumaon
Height : 3,870 - 5,500 m
Length : 16 km

13. Namik
Location : Pithoragarh
Height : 3,600 m


14. Panchchuli
Location : Pithoragarh
Height : N/A

15. Pindari
Location : Kumaon
Height : 3,627 m
Length : 5 km , Width : 2.5 km

16. Ralam
Location : Pithoragarh
Height : 2,290 m
Length : 16 km

17. Satopanth
Location : Chamoli
Height : 3,810
Length : 13 km

18. Sona
Location : Pithoragarh

19. Tipra Bamak
Location : Chamoli
Height : 3,840 m
Length : 6 km

Glaciers In Uttarakhand

1. Bandar Punch
Location : Garhwal
Height : 6,102 - 6,316 m
Length : 12 km

2. Bhagirathi Khark
Location : Chamoli
Height : 3,820 m
Length : 18 km

3. Chorbari Bamak
Location : Rudraprayag
Height : 600 - 3,800 m
Length : 6 km

4. Dokriani
Location : Uttarkashi
Height : 3,800 m
Length 5 km

5. Doonagiri
Location : Almora
Height : 4,240 m - 5,150 m
Length : 5.5 km

6. Gangotri
Location : Uttarkashi
Height : 4,120 - 7,000 m
Length : 30 km , Width : 2 - 4 km

7. Kalabaland
Location : Pithoragarh
Height : 5983 - 6,559 m
Length : 15 km

8. Kaphini
Location : Kumaon
Height : 6,236 - 6,860 m
Length : 3 km

9. Khatling
Location : Tehri
Height : 6,316 - 6,387 m


10. Maiktoli
Location : Kumaon
Height : 4,000 m
Length : 5 km

11. Meola (Athasi-Balati)
Location : Pithoragarh
Height : 3,600 m

12. Milam
Location : Kumaon
Height : 3,870 - 5,500 m
Length : 16 km

13. Namik
Location : Pithoragarh
Height : 3,600 m


14. Panchchuli
Location : Pithoragarh
Height : N/A

15. Pindari
Location : Kumaon
Height : 3,627 m
Length : 5 km , Width : 2.5 km

16. Ralam
Location : Pithoragarh
Height : 2,290 m
Length : 16 km

17. Satopanth
Location : Chamoli
Height : 3,810
Length : 13 km

18. Sona
Location : Pithoragarh

19. Tipra Bamak
Location : Chamoli
Height : 3,840 m
Length : 6 km

Peaks in Uttarakhand

1. Nanda Devi
7819 m
Location: Chamoli

2. Mt Kamet
7756 m
Location: Chamoli

3. Abi Gamin
7355 m
Location: Chamoli

4. Mana
7272 m
Location: Chamoli

5. Mukut Parvat
7242 m
Location: Chamoli

6. Hardeol
7151 m
Location: Pithoragarh

7. Chaukhamba
7138 m
Location: Uttarkashi

8. Trishul
7120 m
Location: Chamoli - Bageshwar

9. Satopanth
7075 m
Location: Uttarkashi

10. Tirsuli
7074 m
Location: Pithoragarh

11. Dunagiri
7068 m
Location: Chamoli

12. Rishi Pahar
6997 m
Location: Chamoli

13. Kedarnath
6942 m
Location: Uttarkashi

14. Mrigthuni
6855 m
Location: Chamoli

15. Maiktoli
6803 m
Location: Chamoli

16. Devtoli
6788 m
Location: Chamoli

17. Bhrigupanth
6772 m
Location: Uttarkashi

18. Haathi Parvat
6727 m
Location: Chamoli

19. Panwali Dwar
6663 m
Location: Chamoli

20. Neelkanth
6597 m
Location: Chamoli

21. Chiring We
6559 m
Location: Pithoragarh

22. Rajrambha
6539 m
Location: Pithoragarh

23. Chaudhara
6510 m
Location: Pithoragarh

24. Shivling
6501 m
Location: Uttarkashi

25. Sangthang
6480 m
Location: Pithoragarh

26. Balakun
6471 m
Location: Chamoli

27. Avalanche Peak
6443 m
Location: Chamoli

28. Nagalaphu
6410 m
Location: Pithoragarh

29. Panchchuli
6354 m
Location: Pithoragarh

30. Arwa Tower
6352 m
Location: Chamoli

31. Bamba Dhura
6334 m
Location: Pithoragarh

32. Bandar Poonch
6320 m
Location: Uttarkashi

33. Arwa Crest
6250 m
Location: Chamoli

34. Arwa Spire
6193 m
Location: Chamoli

35. Om Parvat
6191 m
Location: Pithoragarh

Peaks in Uttarakhand

1. Nanda Devi
7819 m
Location: Chamoli

2. Mt Kamet
7756 m
Location: Chamoli

3. Abi Gamin
7355 m
Location: Chamoli

4. Mana
7272 m
Location: Chamoli

5. Mukut Parvat
7242 m
Location: Chamoli

6. Hardeol
7151 m
Location: Pithoragarh

7. Chaukhamba
7138 m
Location: Uttarkashi

8. Trishul
7120 m
Location: Chamoli - Bageshwar

9. Satopanth
7075 m
Location: Uttarkashi

10. Tirsuli
7074 m
Location: Pithoragarh

11. Dunagiri
7068 m
Location: Chamoli

12. Rishi Pahar
6997 m
Location: Chamoli

13. Kedarnath
6942 m
Location: Uttarkashi

14. Mrigthuni
6855 m
Location: Chamoli

15. Maiktoli
6803 m
Location: Chamoli

16. Devtoli
6788 m
Location: Chamoli

17. Bhrigupanth
6772 m
Location: Uttarkashi

18. Haathi Parvat
6727 m
Location: Chamoli

19. Panwali Dwar
6663 m
Location: Chamoli

20. Neelkanth
6597 m
Location: Chamoli

21. Chiring We
6559 m
Location: Pithoragarh

22. Rajrambha
6539 m
Location: Pithoragarh

23. Chaudhara
6510 m
Location: Pithoragarh

24. Shivling
6501 m
Location: Uttarkashi

25. Sangthang
6480 m
Location: Pithoragarh

26. Balakun
6471 m
Location: Chamoli

27. Avalanche Peak
6443 m
Location: Chamoli

28. Nagalaphu
6410 m
Location: Pithoragarh

29. Panchchuli
6354 m
Location: Pithoragarh

30. Arwa Tower
6352 m
Location: Chamoli

31. Bamba Dhura
6334 m
Location: Pithoragarh

32. Bandar Poonch
6320 m
Location: Uttarkashi

33. Arwa Crest
6250 m
Location: Chamoli

34. Arwa Spire
6193 m
Location: Chamoli

35. Om Parvat
6191 m
Location: Pithoragarh

Dodi Tal Trek in Uttarakhand



Region: Garhwal Himalayas
Season: Round the year
Altitude: 3024 mts/9918 ft

High up in the mountains is the Dodital lake- mysterious, alluring, and simply beautiful ! The serene, tranquil surroundings, gurgling streams, crystal clear water, and dense alpine forests make for an ideal retreat. The trek from Dodital to Yamnotri takes you through high altitude grasslands and dense virgin forests. The scenery en-route is really astounding !

The trek for Dodi Tal commences from Uttarkashi or Kalyani, which can be approached by motor. Kalyani to Agoda is a gradual climb through woods, fields and villages along. a mule track. The trek from Agoda to Dodi Tal is steep and through thick forests.

Dodital Trek
Dodital is a high altitude lake at a height of 3307 mts/10847 ft. Situated amidst pine forests with the backdrop of Darwa Bugyal, a high altitude meadow; Dodital has a serene effect on the mind and body.Dodital gets its name from Dodi, the local name for trout, which are found in large numbers in the lake. Like most of the high altitude Tals, Dodital also has a legend associated with it.

The Legend, another name for this lake is Dhundital. Dhundital means Ganesh - ka - tal. In Sanskrit Dhundi is synonymous with Lord Ganesha. There is a temple which is devoted to lord Ganesha. The legend has it that Ganesha selected this place as his abode. The story goes that this is the place where Ganesha was born. Shiva is known to keep away from home for extended periods and it is during one of these long periods of absence that Ganesha was born. One day Parvati, Ganesha's mother, was having a bath in the lake. She had instructed Ganesha to guard the entrance to the lake. Just then Shiva returned from one of his long trips, and was stopped by Ganesha. Enraged, Shiva cut off Ganesha's head. When Parvati came to know about this, she was livid and demanded that Shiva restore Ganesha's life. In the interest of domestic harmony, Shiva set out in search of Ganesha's head. The first animal that Shiva came across was an elephant and Shiva restored Ganesha's life by replacing his head with an elephant's head.

How to Reach Dodi Tal Trek/ Uttarkashi

How to Reach Dodi Tal Trek/ Uttarkashi By Air: Near airport to Uttarkashi is Jolly Grant, Dehradun (162 kms)

How to Reach Dodi Tal Trek/ Uttarkashi By Rail: Nearest railway station is Rishikesh (145 kms)

How to Reach Dodi Tal Trek/ Uttarkashi By Road: Uttarkashi is well connected by road to Dehradun, Rishikesh, Haridwar and other major towns of the state and region.

Roopkund Lake in Uttarakhand



Location of the Roopkund Lake :
The popular Roopkund Lake lies in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand at the height of 5029 meter. The lake provides the stunning view of the Trishul peak (7122 meter). Due to it less depth it also known as the shallow Lake. It is also popularly called as the Skeleton Lake because of the skeleton mystery behind the lake. It falls on the way of the Nanda Jat to Homkung. The surrounding glaciers and the glittering peaks are an added charm to this frozen lake. The best time to visit the lake lies between December to April.

Roopkund Lake Mystery Behind the Roopkund Lake :
The mystery of Roopkund lake has haunted sociologist, historians and anthropologist for many years. The slopes of the Roopkund Lake are scattered with the hundred of human skeletons. These skeletons were discovered in the year 1942 when a park ranger Madhwal, walk unsteadily upon one of it and found the mass grave of skeleton. It is believed that the large number of people lost their life when they were caught in the bad weather some 800 years back. According to the reports all of them died due to the raining of hail stones upon their heads. It was cleared from the fact that most of them had skull fractures.

Roopkund Trek :
With its prime location under the lap of the Trishul, Roopkund is the popular attractions among the trekkers. The lake offers the energetic outdoor for the trekkers and the exciting option for the adventure holidays. The trekking routes provides you as much discovery of the nature as the discovery of one's self. Rock strewn glaciers and snow clad peaks enchants the tourists in between the route. The trekking starts from Debal which can be easily reached from the Almora town. Apart from the peaks and glaciers you may come across the unexplored lush green forests. Chances of encountering high altitude flora and fauna are high in the trek. The natural beauty of the trekking routes can't be explained in words and the pristine rivers and glaciers make an huge impact on its beauty.

Flora and Fauna of the Lake : The lake supports the excellent scope for wildlife. The famous Nanda Devi lies near to the lake. So on the tour to the Roopkund lake you get the excellent opportunity to go for the wildlife safari. The Sanctuary has been declared as the World Heritage Site. The main attractions of the park include Himalayan Black Bear, Himalayan Tahr, serow, chir pheasants and snow leopards. Other than the wildlife the park equally has rich flora. Vegetation of fir, birch, rhododendron and juniper are found here. There are around 312 floral species found in the park. The avifauna found in the sanctuary incluudes the Grosbeaks, Rose Finches, Ruby Throat and Warblers The sanctuary provides the good opportunity for the mountainers to try their luck.

Dodi Tal Trek in Uttarakhand



Region: Garhwal Himalayas
Season: Round the year
Altitude: 3024 mts/9918 ft

High up in the mountains is the Dodital lake- mysterious, alluring, and simply beautiful ! The serene, tranquil surroundings, gurgling streams, crystal clear water, and dense alpine forests make for an ideal retreat. The trek from Dodital to Yamnotri takes you through high altitude grasslands and dense virgin forests. The scenery en-route is really astounding !

The trek for Dodi Tal commences from Uttarkashi or Kalyani, which can be approached by motor. Kalyani to Agoda is a gradual climb through woods, fields and villages along. a mule track. The trek from Agoda to Dodi Tal is steep and through thick forests.

Dodital Trek
Dodital is a high altitude lake at a height of 3307 mts/10847 ft. Situated amidst pine forests with the backdrop of Darwa Bugyal, a high altitude meadow; Dodital has a serene effect on the mind and body.Dodital gets its name from Dodi, the local name for trout, which are found in large numbers in the lake. Like most of the high altitude Tals, Dodital also has a legend associated with it.

The Legend, another name for this lake is Dhundital. Dhundital means Ganesh - ka - tal. In Sanskrit Dhundi is synonymous with Lord Ganesha. There is a temple which is devoted to lord Ganesha. The legend has it that Ganesha selected this place as his abode. The story goes that this is the place where Ganesha was born. Shiva is known to keep away from home for extended periods and it is during one of these long periods of absence that Ganesha was born. One day Parvati, Ganesha's mother, was having a bath in the lake. She had instructed Ganesha to guard the entrance to the lake. Just then Shiva returned from one of his long trips, and was stopped by Ganesha. Enraged, Shiva cut off Ganesha's head. When Parvati came to know about this, she was livid and demanded that Shiva restore Ganesha's life. In the interest of domestic harmony, Shiva set out in search of Ganesha's head. The first animal that Shiva came across was an elephant and Shiva restored Ganesha's life by replacing his head with an elephant's head.

How to Reach Dodi Tal Trek/ Uttarkashi

How to Reach Dodi Tal Trek/ Uttarkashi By Air: Near airport to Uttarkashi is Jolly Grant, Dehradun (162 kms)

How to Reach Dodi Tal Trek/ Uttarkashi By Rail: Nearest railway station is Rishikesh (145 kms)

How to Reach Dodi Tal Trek/ Uttarkashi By Road: Uttarkashi is well connected by road to Dehradun, Rishikesh, Haridwar and other major towns of the state and region.

Roopkund Lake in Uttarakhand



Location of the Roopkund Lake :
The popular Roopkund Lake lies in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand at the height of 5029 meter. The lake provides the stunning view of the Trishul peak (7122 meter). Due to it less depth it also known as the shallow Lake. It is also popularly called as the Skeleton Lake because of the skeleton mystery behind the lake. It falls on the way of the Nanda Jat to Homkung. The surrounding glaciers and the glittering peaks are an added charm to this frozen lake. The best time to visit the lake lies between December to April.

Roopkund Lake Mystery Behind the Roopkund Lake :
The mystery of Roopkund lake has haunted sociologist, historians and anthropologist for many years. The slopes of the Roopkund Lake are scattered with the hundred of human skeletons. These skeletons were discovered in the year 1942 when a park ranger Madhwal, walk unsteadily upon one of it and found the mass grave of skeleton. It is believed that the large number of people lost their life when they were caught in the bad weather some 800 years back. According to the reports all of them died due to the raining of hail stones upon their heads. It was cleared from the fact that most of them had skull fractures.

Roopkund Trek :
With its prime location under the lap of the Trishul, Roopkund is the popular attractions among the trekkers. The lake offers the energetic outdoor for the trekkers and the exciting option for the adventure holidays. The trekking routes provides you as much discovery of the nature as the discovery of one's self. Rock strewn glaciers and snow clad peaks enchants the tourists in between the route. The trekking starts from Debal which can be easily reached from the Almora town. Apart from the peaks and glaciers you may come across the unexplored lush green forests. Chances of encountering high altitude flora and fauna are high in the trek. The natural beauty of the trekking routes can't be explained in words and the pristine rivers and glaciers make an huge impact on its beauty.

Flora and Fauna of the Lake : The lake supports the excellent scope for wildlife. The famous Nanda Devi lies near to the lake. So on the tour to the Roopkund lake you get the excellent opportunity to go for the wildlife safari. The Sanctuary has been declared as the World Heritage Site. The main attractions of the park include Himalayan Black Bear, Himalayan Tahr, serow, chir pheasants and snow leopards. Other than the wildlife the park equally has rich flora. Vegetation of fir, birch, rhododendron and juniper are found here. There are around 312 floral species found in the park. The avifauna found in the sanctuary incluudes the Grosbeaks, Rose Finches, Ruby Throat and Warblers The sanctuary provides the good opportunity for the mountainers to try their luck.

Valley of Flowers National Park in Uttarakhand



The stunning landscape of The Valley of Flowers National Park in northern India's state of Uttarakhand, bordered by Nepal and Tibet, comes alive with the monsoon rain. This high-altitude Himalayan valley has around 300 different varieties of alpine flowers, which appear as a bright carpet of color against a mountainous snow capped background.

The park is spread over 87.5 square kilometers (55 miles), and was declared a national park in 1982. It’s also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The main Valley of Flowers is a glacial corridor, around five kilometers (3.1 miles) long and two kilometers (1.2 miles) wide.

Where is The Valley of Flowers :

The Valley of Flowers National Park is located in Chamoli Garhwal, close to Nanda Devi National Park. It’s about 595 kilometers (370 miles) from Delhi, and has an altitude that varies from 10,500 feet to 21,900 feet above sea level.

How to reach The Valley of Flowers:
The nearest airport is in Dehradun, 295 kilometers (183 miles) away, and the nearest railway station is in Rishikesh, 276 kilometers (170 miles) away. The closest you can get to The Valley of Flowers by road is Govind Ghat. This requires around a 10 hour drive to Joshimath, then another one hour to Govind Ghat. From Govind Ghat it’s a 13 kilometer (8 mile) trek along a steep, narrow, but well defined mountain trail to base camp at Ghangaria. This will take between 4 to 8 hours, depending on your fitness! The start of the main valley, where all the flowers are, is a further 3 kilometers (1.8 miles) from Ghangaria.

Best time to Visit The Valley of Flowers :
The Valley of Flowers is only open from April to October as it's covered in snow the rest of the year. The best time to visit is from July to August, when the flowers are in full bloom after the first monsoon rain. If you go before July, you’ll find hardly any flowers at all.

Valley of Flowers Opening Hours:

To prevent trekkers and livestock from taking too much of a toll on the park, access to The Valley of Flowers is restricted to daylight hours (from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m.) and camping is prohibited. The last entry to the park is at 3 p.m. You’ll need to go from, and return to, Ghangaria on the same day.

Hotels In Valley of Flowers :
It’s best to stay overnight in Joshimath before continuing to Ghangaria. The government run Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam (GMVN) guesthouses are the reliable options for accommodations in the area, and advance bookings are possible. There are plenty of other options to choose from though. At Ghangaria you’ll find both basic hotels and camping facilities. However, comforts are minimal, and the electricity and water supply are erratic. A deluxe double room costs 950 rupees ($25) at the GMVN guest house in Ghangaria. Alternatively, the more adventurous can camp as close to the entry of the park as permitted near Ghangaria.

Valley of Flowers National Park in Uttarakhand



The stunning landscape of The Valley of Flowers National Park in northern India's state of Uttarakhand, bordered by Nepal and Tibet, comes alive with the monsoon rain. This high-altitude Himalayan valley has around 300 different varieties of alpine flowers, which appear as a bright carpet of color against a mountainous snow capped background.

The park is spread over 87.5 square kilometers (55 miles), and was declared a national park in 1982. It’s also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The main Valley of Flowers is a glacial corridor, around five kilometers (3.1 miles) long and two kilometers (1.2 miles) wide.

Where is The Valley of Flowers :

The Valley of Flowers National Park is located in Chamoli Garhwal, close to Nanda Devi National Park. It’s about 595 kilometers (370 miles) from Delhi, and has an altitude that varies from 10,500 feet to 21,900 feet above sea level.

How to reach The Valley of Flowers:
The nearest airport is in Dehradun, 295 kilometers (183 miles) away, and the nearest railway station is in Rishikesh, 276 kilometers (170 miles) away. The closest you can get to The Valley of Flowers by road is Govind Ghat. This requires around a 10 hour drive to Joshimath, then another one hour to Govind Ghat. From Govind Ghat it’s a 13 kilometer (8 mile) trek along a steep, narrow, but well defined mountain trail to base camp at Ghangaria. This will take between 4 to 8 hours, depending on your fitness! The start of the main valley, where all the flowers are, is a further 3 kilometers (1.8 miles) from Ghangaria.

Best time to Visit The Valley of Flowers :
The Valley of Flowers is only open from April to October as it's covered in snow the rest of the year. The best time to visit is from July to August, when the flowers are in full bloom after the first monsoon rain. If you go before July, you’ll find hardly any flowers at all.

Valley of Flowers Opening Hours:

To prevent trekkers and livestock from taking too much of a toll on the park, access to The Valley of Flowers is restricted to daylight hours (from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m.) and camping is prohibited. The last entry to the park is at 3 p.m. You’ll need to go from, and return to, Ghangaria on the same day.

Hotels In Valley of Flowers :
It’s best to stay overnight in Joshimath before continuing to Ghangaria. The government run Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam (GMVN) guesthouses are the reliable options for accommodations in the area, and advance bookings are possible. There are plenty of other options to choose from though. At Ghangaria you’ll find both basic hotels and camping facilities. However, comforts are minimal, and the electricity and water supply are erratic. A deluxe double room costs 950 rupees ($25) at the GMVN guest house in Ghangaria. Alternatively, the more adventurous can camp as close to the entry of the park as permitted near Ghangaria.

Valley of Flowers in Uttarakhand

High in the Himalayan ranges of Garhwal hills of Uttarakhand lies an enchanted valley. Here flowerful pastures with clear running streams are set against silver birches and shining snow peakf. Dew lies thick on the flowers,birds sing in the surrounding forest and the air is pure and charged with floral smells. Hidden from the probing eyes of civilisation, this valley had been known to the inhabitants as the Bhyundar Valley, the playground of fairies and nymphs.

Trespassing their celestial abode was avoided although shepherds did take the liberty to graze their cattle here.

Legends associate this valley with the area from where Hanumanji of Ramayana collected. 'Sanjeevani' herbs to revive Lakshmana, the younger brother of Rama. Hanuman had to visit far-flung areas in his search for the life-saving herbs, some named after him."

The Valley was introduced to the world as the Valley of Flowers by Frank S, Smith - mountaineer, explorer, botanist who camped here for several weeks in the monsoon of 1937 and did valuable exploratory work. He authored a book called "The Valley of Flowers" which unveiled the beauty and floral splendours of the valley and thus threw open the doors of this verdant jewel to nature-enthusiasts all over the world.

In 1939, Miss Margarate Legge, a botanist deputed by the botanical gardens of Edinburgh arrived at the valley for further studies. While she was traversing some rocky slopes to collect flowers, she slipped off and was lost for ever in the garden of the gods. Her sister later visited the valley and erected a memorial on the spot where she was buried by the locals.

Valley of Flowers in Uttarakhand

High in the Himalayan ranges of Garhwal hills of Uttarakhand lies an enchanted valley. Here flowerful pastures with clear running streams are set against silver birches and shining snow peakf. Dew lies thick on the flowers,birds sing in the surrounding forest and the air is pure and charged with floral smells. Hidden from the probing eyes of civilisation, this valley had been known to the inhabitants as the Bhyundar Valley, the playground of fairies and nymphs.

Trespassing their celestial abode was avoided although shepherds did take the liberty to graze their cattle here.

Legends associate this valley with the area from where Hanumanji of Ramayana collected. 'Sanjeevani' herbs to revive Lakshmana, the younger brother of Rama. Hanuman had to visit far-flung areas in his search for the life-saving herbs, some named after him."

The Valley was introduced to the world as the Valley of Flowers by Frank S, Smith - mountaineer, explorer, botanist who camped here for several weeks in the monsoon of 1937 and did valuable exploratory work. He authored a book called "The Valley of Flowers" which unveiled the beauty and floral splendours of the valley and thus threw open the doors of this verdant jewel to nature-enthusiasts all over the world.

In 1939, Miss Margarate Legge, a botanist deputed by the botanical gardens of Edinburgh arrived at the valley for further studies. While she was traversing some rocky slopes to collect flowers, she slipped off and was lost for ever in the garden of the gods. Her sister later visited the valley and erected a memorial on the spot where she was buried by the locals.

About Uttarakhand




Uttarakhand is the 27th state of the Republic of India. (total states being 28) It was formed on 9th Nov 2000 and was carved out of Uttar Pradesh after a long struggle of the Uttarakhandi people. Uttarakhand lies in the Northern part of India amidst the magnificent Himalayas and dense forests. The state is bordering Himachal Pradesh in the north-west and Uttar Pradesh in the South and has international borders with Nepal and China.

The State today with 13 Districts can be grouped into three distinct geographical regions, the High mountain region, the Mid-mountain region and the Terai region. Dehradun is the interim-capital city. Uttarakhand consists of 13 districts:

Almora, Pauri Garhwal, Tehri Garhwal, Bageshwar, Chamoli, Haridwar, Champawat, Nainital, Dehradun, Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarkashi, Pithoragarh, Rudraprayag.
State Capital of Uttarakhand
The city of Dehradun, has been declared as the interim capital of the new state. Though the debate on making Gairsain as the new capital is still on.

Dehradun is situated at the Himalayan foothills in the fertile Doon Valley. The valley is well known for its salubrious climate and natural beauty. It is due to this reason, Dehradun has been one of the favorite residential cities. It is also an important educational centres of the country. Some of the best public schools and convents are housed here.The Indian Military Academy, The Froest Research Institute, the Oil and Natural Gas comission and many more offices of Central and State Govt. are also situated here. Dehradun is one of the most important town in the new state and is well linked with rail, road and air routes to all the parts of the country.


General Information about Uttarakhand
The population of the state is around 7 million. The land area is about 55,845 sq km. The region is mostly hilly (approx 88 percent) and the remaining 12 percent falls in the plains.The state is very rich in natural resources especially water and forests as it has many glaciers, rivers, forests, mountain peaks. The famous peaks of Uttarakhand are Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Trishul, Bandarpunch and Mt Kamet. The major Glaciers include Gangotri, Pindari, Milam and Khatling. The Ganga, The Yamuna, Ramganga and Sharda are principal rivers of this region.

Uttarakhand is situated in the northwest portion of Uttar Pradesh, India's most populous state. Uttarakhand borders Tibet, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, and the UP plains districts. Dehradun, the Uttarakhand 's largest city is about 255 km away from India's capital, New Delhi, yet upon reaching the hills, the terrain and climate dramatically changes. Though patches of the dusty desert of the plains are encroaching on Uttarakhand, the region is still heavily forested and extremely hilly. The glaciers in the high hills of Uttarakhand are the source of the Yamuna and Ganges. India's highest peaks are in Uttarakhand and so are some of Hinduism's most sacred shrines. The Indian Himalayas are said to be the abode of the gods. Indeed, Shiva, his wife Parvati and her various manifestations, and Vishnu all reside in this breathtaking Himalayan region called Uttarakhand.

Physiology of Uttarakhand
Garhwal and Kumaon, the two main cultural and political divisions of Uttarakhand, can be divided into three physiological zones that span the full breadth of the Uttar Pradesh hills:

Northern Zone in Uttarakhand :
Making up much of Uttar Kashi, Chamoli, and Pithoragarh districts, this range of Uttarakhand begins at 3000 metres and proceeds steeply at places to as high as 7600 metres.

Mid Zone in Uttarakhand :
Proceeding from southern Uttar Kashi through Tehri, Chamoli, Almora, and Pithoragarh in Uttarakhand, here the slope rises to heights of 2000 to 3000 metres.

Southern Zone in Uttarakhand:
Merging with the adjoining Terai, this area in Uttarakhand includes Dehradun, southern Garhwal (Pauri), and Nainital at around 600 to 2000 metres above sea level.

Highest Peaks of Uttarakhand
Nanda Devi (7,816 m)
Chaukhamba (7,138 m)
Satopanth (7,075 m)
Trisul (7,045 m)
Kedarnath (6,940 m)
Kamet (6,883 m)
Neelkanth (6,596 m)

River in Uttarakhand
Yamuna - Tons
Bhagirathi - Bhilangana
Alaknanda - Mandakini / Pindar / Nandakini / Saraswati / Dhauliganga
Ramganga Kosi
MahaKali - Sarju / Gori / Dauli


Turiest Places in Uttarakhand
Mussoorie
Nainital
Ranikhet
Auli
Gaumukh
Valley of the Flowers
Roop Kund (Mystery Lake)
Dodital (Beautiful High Altitude Lake)
Harki Doon
Pindari Glacier (foot of Nanda Devi group of mountains), various Bugyals (lush mountain meadows)
Pilgrimage Spots in Uttarakhand
Badrinath (Vishnu)
Kedarnath (Shiva)
Panch Prayag
Gangotri
Yamunotri
Hemkund (Sikh)
Sirkanda Devi Temple
Haridwar

Economy of Uttarakhand
The state of Uttarakhand has tremendous potential of developing tourism industry due to the beautiful landscape, religious places, trekking trails, national parks, mountain peaks and historical and archeological sites. Apart from tourism, the rural population is engaged in agriculture. Doon Valley, Nainital district, Udham Singh Nagar and Haridwar districts produce large quantities of food grains. The state has immense potential for the development of horticulture crops-apple, orange, malta,pear, grapes peach, plum appricot, litchi,mango, guava etc are widely produced fruits. The region also holds good promises for developing herbal pharmaceutical industry owing to abundant medicinal plants.

About Uttarakhand




Uttarakhand is the 27th state of the Republic of India. (total states being 28) It was formed on 9th Nov 2000 and was carved out of Uttar Pradesh after a long struggle of the Uttarakhandi people. Uttarakhand lies in the Northern part of India amidst the magnificent Himalayas and dense forests. The state is bordering Himachal Pradesh in the north-west and Uttar Pradesh in the South and has international borders with Nepal and China.

The State today with 13 Districts can be grouped into three distinct geographical regions, the High mountain region, the Mid-mountain region and the Terai region. Dehradun is the interim-capital city. Uttarakhand consists of 13 districts:

Almora, Pauri Garhwal, Tehri Garhwal, Bageshwar, Chamoli, Haridwar, Champawat, Nainital, Dehradun, Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarkashi, Pithoragarh, Rudraprayag.
State Capital of Uttarakhand
The city of Dehradun, has been declared as the interim capital of the new state. Though the debate on making Gairsain as the new capital is still on.

Dehradun is situated at the Himalayan foothills in the fertile Doon Valley. The valley is well known for its salubrious climate and natural beauty. It is due to this reason, Dehradun has been one of the favorite residential cities. It is also an important educational centres of the country. Some of the best public schools and convents are housed here.The Indian Military Academy, The Froest Research Institute, the Oil and Natural Gas comission and many more offices of Central and State Govt. are also situated here. Dehradun is one of the most important town in the new state and is well linked with rail, road and air routes to all the parts of the country.


General Information about Uttarakhand
The population of the state is around 7 million. The land area is about 55,845 sq km. The region is mostly hilly (approx 88 percent) and the remaining 12 percent falls in the plains.The state is very rich in natural resources especially water and forests as it has many glaciers, rivers, forests, mountain peaks. The famous peaks of Uttarakhand are Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Trishul, Bandarpunch and Mt Kamet. The major Glaciers include Gangotri, Pindari, Milam and Khatling. The Ganga, The Yamuna, Ramganga and Sharda are principal rivers of this region.

Uttarakhand is situated in the northwest portion of Uttar Pradesh, India's most populous state. Uttarakhand borders Tibet, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, and the UP plains districts. Dehradun, the Uttarakhand 's largest city is about 255 km away from India's capital, New Delhi, yet upon reaching the hills, the terrain and climate dramatically changes. Though patches of the dusty desert of the plains are encroaching on Uttarakhand, the region is still heavily forested and extremely hilly. The glaciers in the high hills of Uttarakhand are the source of the Yamuna and Ganges. India's highest peaks are in Uttarakhand and so are some of Hinduism's most sacred shrines. The Indian Himalayas are said to be the abode of the gods. Indeed, Shiva, his wife Parvati and her various manifestations, and Vishnu all reside in this breathtaking Himalayan region called Uttarakhand.

Physiology of Uttarakhand
Garhwal and Kumaon, the two main cultural and political divisions of Uttarakhand, can be divided into three physiological zones that span the full breadth of the Uttar Pradesh hills:

Northern Zone in Uttarakhand :
Making up much of Uttar Kashi, Chamoli, and Pithoragarh districts, this range of Uttarakhand begins at 3000 metres and proceeds steeply at places to as high as 7600 metres.

Mid Zone in Uttarakhand :
Proceeding from southern Uttar Kashi through Tehri, Chamoli, Almora, and Pithoragarh in Uttarakhand, here the slope rises to heights of 2000 to 3000 metres.

Southern Zone in Uttarakhand:
Merging with the adjoining Terai, this area in Uttarakhand includes Dehradun, southern Garhwal (Pauri), and Nainital at around 600 to 2000 metres above sea level.

Highest Peaks of Uttarakhand
Nanda Devi (7,816 m)
Chaukhamba (7,138 m)
Satopanth (7,075 m)
Trisul (7,045 m)
Kedarnath (6,940 m)
Kamet (6,883 m)
Neelkanth (6,596 m)

River in Uttarakhand
Yamuna - Tons
Bhagirathi - Bhilangana
Alaknanda - Mandakini / Pindar / Nandakini / Saraswati / Dhauliganga
Ramganga Kosi
MahaKali - Sarju / Gori / Dauli


Turiest Places in Uttarakhand
Mussoorie
Nainital
Ranikhet
Auli
Gaumukh
Valley of the Flowers
Roop Kund (Mystery Lake)
Dodital (Beautiful High Altitude Lake)
Harki Doon
Pindari Glacier (foot of Nanda Devi group of mountains), various Bugyals (lush mountain meadows)
Pilgrimage Spots in Uttarakhand
Badrinath (Vishnu)
Kedarnath (Shiva)
Panch Prayag
Gangotri
Yamunotri
Hemkund (Sikh)
Sirkanda Devi Temple
Haridwar

Economy of Uttarakhand
The state of Uttarakhand has tremendous potential of developing tourism industry due to the beautiful landscape, religious places, trekking trails, national parks, mountain peaks and historical and archeological sites. Apart from tourism, the rural population is engaged in agriculture. Doon Valley, Nainital district, Udham Singh Nagar and Haridwar districts produce large quantities of food grains. The state has immense potential for the development of horticulture crops-apple, orange, malta,pear, grapes peach, plum appricot, litchi,mango, guava etc are widely produced fruits. The region also holds good promises for developing herbal pharmaceutical industry owing to abundant medicinal plants.

Attractions of Kumaon (Uttarakhand)

Nainital
This lake town, situated in the hilly region of Kumaon, is built around the lake Naini. The city is surrounded by seven mountains, Sapta Shring. Nainital was the summer capital of Uttar Pradesh for many years during British rule and also after independence. According to mythology, when Lord Shiva was carrying the body of Sati, her eyes fell at this place and it came to be known as Naini Tal. Nearby places of interests are BhimTal and Sat Tal.

Almora
This hill district is in the central Kumaon region of Uttarakhand. It is a beautiful scenic place situated at an altitude of 5900 ft. There is a cave where Swami Vivekananda meditated and was enlightened. Almora was captured by British from Gorkhas, who have left their mark on this town. Nanda Devi festival is celebrated here, during which devotees from all over India visit this place.

Kausani
Nesting amongst thick, dense pine forests, atop a narrow ridge and separated from the towering montains of the Nanda Devi range by low, medium mountains; at Kausani the grandeur of the Himalayan scenery comes alive. The view of the snow covered Trishul and Nanda Devi is so clear that one gets a feeling of the snow being within touching distance.

Ranikhet
Ranikhet is the place which mirrors the best of the heavenly Himalayas; lush green forests, majestic mountains, delivate plant life and attractive wild life. To view nature and its elements in full harmony, the right place is Ranikhet.

At an altitude of 1829 mts above sea level, ths hill resort is undoubtedly a tourist's paradise. The scented mountain breeze, fresh and pure, the singing of birds, the panoramic view of the Himalayas- the sights, sounds and smell leave the onlooker spellbound. Being a cantonment (the place was selected as a hill staion for British troops and accordingly the cantonment was established in 1869), the Kumaon regimental Centre, Museum and Memorial are the jewels of Ranikhet.

Attractions of Kumaon (Uttarakhand)

Nainital
This lake town, situated in the hilly region of Kumaon, is built around the lake Naini. The city is surrounded by seven mountains, Sapta Shring. Nainital was the summer capital of Uttar Pradesh for many years during British rule and also after independence. According to mythology, when Lord Shiva was carrying the body of Sati, her eyes fell at this place and it came to be known as Naini Tal. Nearby places of interests are BhimTal and Sat Tal.

Almora
This hill district is in the central Kumaon region of Uttarakhand. It is a beautiful scenic place situated at an altitude of 5900 ft. There is a cave where Swami Vivekananda meditated and was enlightened. Almora was captured by British from Gorkhas, who have left their mark on this town. Nanda Devi festival is celebrated here, during which devotees from all over India visit this place.

Kausani
Nesting amongst thick, dense pine forests, atop a narrow ridge and separated from the towering montains of the Nanda Devi range by low, medium mountains; at Kausani the grandeur of the Himalayan scenery comes alive. The view of the snow covered Trishul and Nanda Devi is so clear that one gets a feeling of the snow being within touching distance.

Ranikhet
Ranikhet is the place which mirrors the best of the heavenly Himalayas; lush green forests, majestic mountains, delivate plant life and attractive wild life. To view nature and its elements in full harmony, the right place is Ranikhet.

At an altitude of 1829 mts above sea level, ths hill resort is undoubtedly a tourist's paradise. The scented mountain breeze, fresh and pure, the singing of birds, the panoramic view of the Himalayas- the sights, sounds and smell leave the onlooker spellbound. Being a cantonment (the place was selected as a hill staion for British troops and accordingly the cantonment was established in 1869), the Kumaon regimental Centre, Museum and Memorial are the jewels of Ranikhet.

Attractions of Garhwal (Uttarakhand)


Rishikesh
Rishikesh is one of the most popular pilgrim centres and gateway to the Himalayan Shrines of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri. The Yoga Centres of Rishikesh have enhanced the significance of the place. From this point on, the great Ganges leaves behind her mountain home and enters the vast plains of Northern India. Rishikesh is located at a height of about 1360 feet above sea level. It is believed that several yogis and sages lived and practised penance here. Rishikesh represents the site where Vishnu vanquished the demon Madhu.

Auli
Auli, 16 kms from Joshimath, is an ideal winter resort. The divine slopes of Auli, coupled with state-of-the-art facilities have made it comparable with the best in the world.

Auli offers a 180 panoramic view of Himalayan peaks like the Nanda devi (7,817mts.) Kamet (7,756 mts.) Mana Parvat (7,273 mts.) And Dunagiri (7,066 mts.) seemingly only a snow ball thrown away.

Mussoorie
The hill resort of Mussoorie is often referred to as the "Queen of the Hills". Any tourist who experiences the magic of the hill resort will but agree with the sobriquet. Located in the foothills of the Himalayas, Mussoorie gets its name from the Mansur shrub that is commonly seen in the hill resort. The marvelous hill resort of Mussoorie is located in the foothills of the Himalayas. The hill station of Mussoorie is one of the most-loved tourist destinations of India. It has a number of waterfalls, picnic-spots, temples and tourist bungalows.

Ukhimath
182 kms. from Rishikesh. This is the winter seat of Lord Kedarnath, and worship is performed here during the winters, when the temple of Kedarnath remains closed. The temples of Usha and Anirudh, Shiva and Parvati are worth a visit.

Land of Usha (beautiful daughter of Demon Varasura). Temples of Onkareshwara, Usha, Shiva-Parvati. For accommodation, a tourist rest house, irrigation Dak bungalow, P.W.D. Inspection House and private hotels are available.

Chopta
Chopta situated on the Gopeshwar-Ukhimath Road about 40 kms. from Gopeshwar is at an altitude of about 2,900 m above sea level. One of the most picturesque spots in the entire Garhwal region, Chopta provides a breathtaking view of the Himalayan ranges and the surrounding areas. Chopta provides a breathtaking view of the Himalayan ranges and the surrounding areas.

Hemkund Sahib
Hemkund is a pilgrimage of the sikhs. Hemkund, as the name suggests, is a lake in the Himalayas. There are many lakes in the Himalayas, but few are set in as dramatic a setting as Hemkund is. At an altitude of 4,500 m above sea level, which is several hundred meters above the tree line, the lake is set like a jewel in a crown of seven of the most picturesque snow peaks of the Himalayas. In this surrealistic landscape, made up mostly of rock and ice, there is no habitation-animal or human. The place is as if made to order for a man in search of absolute peace to meditate upon the absolute truth.

Valley of Flowers
Accredited by Frank Smith ( the first botanist who explored this exotic abode) in his book " The Valley of Flowers" , as a place where god have shown his exclusive creativity by splashing magnificent colors. The book unfurled the beauty and floral splendors of the valley and thus threw open the doors of this verdant jewel to nature enthusiast all over the world.

Attractions of Garhwal (Uttarakhand)


Rishikesh
Rishikesh is one of the most popular pilgrim centres and gateway to the Himalayan Shrines of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri. The Yoga Centres of Rishikesh have enhanced the significance of the place. From this point on, the great Ganges leaves behind her mountain home and enters the vast plains of Northern India. Rishikesh is located at a height of about 1360 feet above sea level. It is believed that several yogis and sages lived and practised penance here. Rishikesh represents the site where Vishnu vanquished the demon Madhu.

Auli
Auli, 16 kms from Joshimath, is an ideal winter resort. The divine slopes of Auli, coupled with state-of-the-art facilities have made it comparable with the best in the world.

Auli offers a 180 panoramic view of Himalayan peaks like the Nanda devi (7,817mts.) Kamet (7,756 mts.) Mana Parvat (7,273 mts.) And Dunagiri (7,066 mts.) seemingly only a snow ball thrown away.

Mussoorie
The hill resort of Mussoorie is often referred to as the "Queen of the Hills". Any tourist who experiences the magic of the hill resort will but agree with the sobriquet. Located in the foothills of the Himalayas, Mussoorie gets its name from the Mansur shrub that is commonly seen in the hill resort. The marvelous hill resort of Mussoorie is located in the foothills of the Himalayas. The hill station of Mussoorie is one of the most-loved tourist destinations of India. It has a number of waterfalls, picnic-spots, temples and tourist bungalows.

Ukhimath
182 kms. from Rishikesh. This is the winter seat of Lord Kedarnath, and worship is performed here during the winters, when the temple of Kedarnath remains closed. The temples of Usha and Anirudh, Shiva and Parvati are worth a visit.

Land of Usha (beautiful daughter of Demon Varasura). Temples of Onkareshwara, Usha, Shiva-Parvati. For accommodation, a tourist rest house, irrigation Dak bungalow, P.W.D. Inspection House and private hotels are available.

Chopta
Chopta situated on the Gopeshwar-Ukhimath Road about 40 kms. from Gopeshwar is at an altitude of about 2,900 m above sea level. One of the most picturesque spots in the entire Garhwal region, Chopta provides a breathtaking view of the Himalayan ranges and the surrounding areas. Chopta provides a breathtaking view of the Himalayan ranges and the surrounding areas.

Hemkund Sahib
Hemkund is a pilgrimage of the sikhs. Hemkund, as the name suggests, is a lake in the Himalayas. There are many lakes in the Himalayas, but few are set in as dramatic a setting as Hemkund is. At an altitude of 4,500 m above sea level, which is several hundred meters above the tree line, the lake is set like a jewel in a crown of seven of the most picturesque snow peaks of the Himalayas. In this surrealistic landscape, made up mostly of rock and ice, there is no habitation-animal or human. The place is as if made to order for a man in search of absolute peace to meditate upon the absolute truth.

Valley of Flowers
Accredited by Frank Smith ( the first botanist who explored this exotic abode) in his book " The Valley of Flowers" , as a place where god have shown his exclusive creativity by splashing magnificent colors. The book unfurled the beauty and floral splendors of the valley and thus threw open the doors of this verdant jewel to nature enthusiast all over the world.

About Uttarakhand


Uttarakhand is undoubtedly India’s most beautiful canvas. Studded with green strokes, wild splashes and quaint highlights. What makes Uttarakhand a holidayer’s delight are the sketches of Kumaon and Garhwal.


Char Dham Yatra : Char Dham is a term coined for the four most revered Hindu temples 'Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri and Yamunotri'. According to the Puranas and various Hindu scriptures the Char Dham Yatra is of very high religious significance.

Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India in November 2000. Carved out of the state of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand mainly comprises the hilly regions of Uttar Pradesh. A picturesque state, Uttarakhand has magnificent glaciers, majestic snow-clad mountains, panoramic views of the Himalayas, the valley of flowers, as well as some of Hinduism's most sacred pilgrim sites. The State's 13 Districts can be grouped into three distinct geographical regions, the High mountain region, the Mid-mountain region and the Terai region. This is the land where the Vedas and Shastras were composed and great Indian epic, The Mahabharatha, was written.

The state is very rich in natural resources especially water and forests as it has many glaciers, rivers, forests, mountain peaks. The famous peaks of Uttarakhand are Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Trishul, Bandarpunch and Mt Kamet. The major glaciers include Gangotri, Pindari, Milam and Khatling. The Ganga, The Yamuna, Ramganga and Sharda are principal rivers of this region.

Nanda Devi is the highest mountain situated completely in India, and forms part of the main axis of the Great Himalayan Range. To the North of the Himalayas, the Zanskar range forms a formidable divide between India and Tibet. To the south of the Himalayan range the main tributaries of the Ganges and the Kali River form rugged gorge country before cutting though the Shivalik range, where the peaks rarely exceed 3,000m.

The Great Himalayan Range forms the backbone of the Garhwal and Kumaon regions of Uttarakhand. In Eestern Garhwal, it includes the Swargarohini range with Swargarohini I (6,252m) at the head of the Tons River and the Bandarpunch range, including Bandarpunch (6,316m) forming the main divide between the headwaters of the Yamuna and the Bhagirathi Rivers. The peaks include Yogeshwar (6,678m), Sri Kailash (6,932m) and Mana Parbat (6,794m) to the North; and Kedarnath (6,490), Kedar Dome (8,831m) and Bhirigupanth I (6,772m) to the south. Up at the head of the glacier, the Chaukhamba range, including Chaukhamba I (7,068m), provides an impressive divide between the headwaters of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers. To the east of Badrinath, the peaks of Nilgiri Parbat (6,474m), Ghori Parbat (6,708m) and Hathi Parbat (6,727m) are the highest of the Himalayan peaks, while to the North, Kamet (7,756m), Mana Peak (7,272m), Abl Gamin (7,355m), and Mukut (7,242m) are some of the 7,000m peaks forming the main axis of the Zanskar range.

Uttarakhand is undoubtedly India’s most beautiful canvas. Studded with green strokes, wild splashes and Quaint highlights. What makes Uttarakhand a holidayer’s delight are the sketches of Kumaon and Garhwal. Enchanting, Captivating in their own ways. Mesmerising, Spellbinding to the last kilometre. Unspoilt, Untouched and Unbelievable. If Kumaon is a green table spread, Garhwal is a challenger’s delight. If Kumaon plays host to clear lakes, Chirpy forests, Floral rainbows, Garhwal flaunts its snow-clad peaks, Quaint retreats and Infinite mountain rivers. Uttarakhand is undoubtedly India’s most beautiful canvas. Studded with green strokes, Wild Splashes and Quaint highlights. What makes Uttarakhand a holidayer’s delight are the sketches of Kumaon and Garhwal. Enchanting, captivating in their own ways. Mesmerising, Spellbinding to the last kilometre. Unspoilt, untouched and unbelievable. If Kumaon is a green table spread, Garhwal is a challenger’s delight. If Kumaon plays host to clear lakes, Chirpy forests, Floral rainbows and infinite mountain rivers.


In Sanskrit 'Himalaya' means Abode of Snow, truly characterizing the vast permanent snow fields above the snow line. In the heart of these majestic mountains lies the state of Uttarakhand with Kumaon region in its east and Garhwal in the west. The state is bordering Himachal Pradesh in the north-west and Uttar Pradesh in the South and has international borders with Nepal and China.

About Uttarakhand


Uttarakhand is undoubtedly India’s most beautiful canvas. Studded with green strokes, wild splashes and quaint highlights. What makes Uttarakhand a holidayer’s delight are the sketches of Kumaon and Garhwal.


Char Dham Yatra : Char Dham is a term coined for the four most revered Hindu temples 'Kedarnath, Badrinath, Gangotri and Yamunotri'. According to the Puranas and various Hindu scriptures the Char Dham Yatra is of very high religious significance.

Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India in November 2000. Carved out of the state of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand mainly comprises the hilly regions of Uttar Pradesh. A picturesque state, Uttarakhand has magnificent glaciers, majestic snow-clad mountains, panoramic views of the Himalayas, the valley of flowers, as well as some of Hinduism's most sacred pilgrim sites. The State's 13 Districts can be grouped into three distinct geographical regions, the High mountain region, the Mid-mountain region and the Terai region. This is the land where the Vedas and Shastras were composed and great Indian epic, The Mahabharatha, was written.

The state is very rich in natural resources especially water and forests as it has many glaciers, rivers, forests, mountain peaks. The famous peaks of Uttarakhand are Nanda Devi, Kedarnath, Trishul, Bandarpunch and Mt Kamet. The major glaciers include Gangotri, Pindari, Milam and Khatling. The Ganga, The Yamuna, Ramganga and Sharda are principal rivers of this region.

Nanda Devi is the highest mountain situated completely in India, and forms part of the main axis of the Great Himalayan Range. To the North of the Himalayas, the Zanskar range forms a formidable divide between India and Tibet. To the south of the Himalayan range the main tributaries of the Ganges and the Kali River form rugged gorge country before cutting though the Shivalik range, where the peaks rarely exceed 3,000m.

The Great Himalayan Range forms the backbone of the Garhwal and Kumaon regions of Uttarakhand. In Eestern Garhwal, it includes the Swargarohini range with Swargarohini I (6,252m) at the head of the Tons River and the Bandarpunch range, including Bandarpunch (6,316m) forming the main divide between the headwaters of the Yamuna and the Bhagirathi Rivers. The peaks include Yogeshwar (6,678m), Sri Kailash (6,932m) and Mana Parbat (6,794m) to the North; and Kedarnath (6,490), Kedar Dome (8,831m) and Bhirigupanth I (6,772m) to the south. Up at the head of the glacier, the Chaukhamba range, including Chaukhamba I (7,068m), provides an impressive divide between the headwaters of the Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers. To the east of Badrinath, the peaks of Nilgiri Parbat (6,474m), Ghori Parbat (6,708m) and Hathi Parbat (6,727m) are the highest of the Himalayan peaks, while to the North, Kamet (7,756m), Mana Peak (7,272m), Abl Gamin (7,355m), and Mukut (7,242m) are some of the 7,000m peaks forming the main axis of the Zanskar range.

Uttarakhand is undoubtedly India’s most beautiful canvas. Studded with green strokes, wild splashes and Quaint highlights. What makes Uttarakhand a holidayer’s delight are the sketches of Kumaon and Garhwal. Enchanting, Captivating in their own ways. Mesmerising, Spellbinding to the last kilometre. Unspoilt, Untouched and Unbelievable. If Kumaon is a green table spread, Garhwal is a challenger’s delight. If Kumaon plays host to clear lakes, Chirpy forests, Floral rainbows, Garhwal flaunts its snow-clad peaks, Quaint retreats and Infinite mountain rivers. Uttarakhand is undoubtedly India’s most beautiful canvas. Studded with green strokes, Wild Splashes and Quaint highlights. What makes Uttarakhand a holidayer’s delight are the sketches of Kumaon and Garhwal. Enchanting, captivating in their own ways. Mesmerising, Spellbinding to the last kilometre. Unspoilt, untouched and unbelievable. If Kumaon is a green table spread, Garhwal is a challenger’s delight. If Kumaon plays host to clear lakes, Chirpy forests, Floral rainbows and infinite mountain rivers.


In Sanskrit 'Himalaya' means Abode of Snow, truly characterizing the vast permanent snow fields above the snow line. In the heart of these majestic mountains lies the state of Uttarakhand with Kumaon region in its east and Garhwal in the west. The state is bordering Himachal Pradesh in the north-west and Uttar Pradesh in the South and has international borders with Nepal and China.

Uttarakhand Profile


Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India on Nov 9th, 2000. The state shares common boundaries with Tibet (China) to the north and Nepal to the east, Himachal Pradesh to the west and Uttar Pradesh (of which it formed a part before 2000) in the south. In Hindu scriptures, the land has been described as Uttarakhand, a term derived from Sanskrit which means Northern Country.

Uttarakhand is a land of Celestial Beauty filled with glaciers and peaks, flowers and dense forests. This Kumaon region of Himalayas is also called the Adi Kailash, the residence of Lord Shiva. The enchanting region is covered with majestic mountains which form the symbol AUM (the Adi mantra of Hindu religion) with white snow on black background. The sacred place is nestling with the temples of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri.

Uttarakhand Profile


Uttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India on Nov 9th, 2000. The state shares common boundaries with Tibet (China) to the north and Nepal to the east, Himachal Pradesh to the west and Uttar Pradesh (of which it formed a part before 2000) in the south. In Hindu scriptures, the land has been described as Uttarakhand, a term derived from Sanskrit which means Northern Country.

Uttarakhand is a land of Celestial Beauty filled with glaciers and peaks, flowers and dense forests. This Kumaon region of Himalayas is also called the Adi Kailash, the residence of Lord Shiva. The enchanting region is covered with majestic mountains which form the symbol AUM (the Adi mantra of Hindu religion) with white snow on black background. The sacred place is nestling with the temples of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri.

Historical Milestones of Uttarakhand


The important events that led to formation of Uttarakhand as a full fledged state are depicted below:

1930: The local residents of region moved a resolution by majority vote and claimed for a separate state of Uttarakhand. Thus the foundation of the movement for a separate state of Uttarakhand was way back in 1930.

5th- 6th May1938: In a political convention of the Congress in Srinagar (British Garhwal) Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru stated that keeping in view the distance geographic shapes and traditions, and for development of the region, the people of the region should have the right to the frame policies and take decision on for themselves on important issues.

1946: In the convention in Haldwani Garhwal Kesri Badri Outt Pandey demanded special status for the region Garh Kesri Ansuya Prasad Bahuguna called for development of Garhwal Kumaon region as a separate unit or state.

1954: Indira Singh Nayal a member of state legislative assembly wrote a letter to the Chief Minister Govind Vallabh Pant requesting for separate arrangements for the development of the region.

1955: Fazal Ali called for reformation of U.P. with the intention of forming a separate state of Uttrakhand.

1957: Vice-President of planning commission T.T. Krishnachari called for special attention to the problem of the people of hilly regions.

12th May 1970: Indira Gandhi imposed the responsibility of backwardness and underdevelopment of the hill stations V.P. on the state and the Central Government.

24th July 1979: Formation of "Uttarakhand Kranti Dal" for the formation of a separate hill state.

June 1987: Pledge for formation of separate Uttarakhand state in all party meeting in Karnprayag.

Nov. 1987: Protest in Delhi and noticed to President. Haridwar was included as a part of Uttarakhand as per notice.

1991: B.J.P. government passed the proposal for formation of Uttaranchal in the legislative assembly and sent it to Central Government for approval.

1994: Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav set up Kaniskya committee for evaluating demands for Uttarakhand. On 21 June 1994, the committee submitted its report in favour of Uttarakhand.

June 1994: Students' movements all over Uttarakhand for separate state.

19th Aug. 1994: Strike observed by employees of state government in Nainital, slogans were shorted in Loksabaha

1st Sep. 1994: Police firing on protestors in Khatima, many were killed curfew imposed in Haldwani and Khatima.

2nd Sep. 1994: Police firing on protestors in Mussorrie, 7 killed including DSP.

3rd Sep. 1994: Mass protest of people from all walks of life including students, women etc. in all over Uttaranchal.

1st - 2nd Oct. 1994: Atrocities on protestors in their way to Delhi many killed, many imprisoned, their bus was set to fire, misbehaviour with women Mass protest in Delhi police firing on mob.

3rd Oct. 1994: Mass protest all over Uttaranchal public property were destroyed curfew imposed in various region one person each killed in Nainital, Rishikesh and Dehradun

7th Oct. 1994: One woman killed in police firing, one police station looted and policemen made to parade without uniform.

13th Oct. 1994: One killed during curfew in Dehradun.

27th Oct. 1994: Peace restored in Uttaranchal after talks with then Home Minister Rajesh Pilot.

10th Nov. 1995: Two protestors killed as a result of police atrocities on protestors in Triyank Taapu, Srinagar.

5th Aug. 1996: Prime Minister H. D. Devegauda announced the formation of Uttarakhand state from the red fort and asked the state legislative assembly for its opinion

1998: For the first time B.J.P. sent an ordinance for the formation of Uttaranchal state through the President to the state legislative assembly.

2000: The government headed by Atal Behari Vajpayee once again sent the Uttar Pradesh reformation bill-2000 for the formation of Uttaranchal. The Central Government presented the bill in the Lok Sabha on 27th July 2000; the bill was passed in the Lok Sabha on the 1st August 2000 and on 10th August 2000 in the Rajya Sabha. On 28th August 2000 it received the sanction of the President. The Central Government fixed 9th November 2000 for the formation of the Uttaranchal state.

Letter then congress government the change the name Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand.


Source: "Uttaranchal - Dilemma of Plenties and Scarcities" by VP Sati and Kamlesh Kumar

Historical Milestones of Uttarakhand


The important events that led to formation of Uttarakhand as a full fledged state are depicted below:

1930: The local residents of region moved a resolution by majority vote and claimed for a separate state of Uttarakhand. Thus the foundation of the movement for a separate state of Uttarakhand was way back in 1930.

5th- 6th May1938: In a political convention of the Congress in Srinagar (British Garhwal) Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru stated that keeping in view the distance geographic shapes and traditions, and for development of the region, the people of the region should have the right to the frame policies and take decision on for themselves on important issues.

1946: In the convention in Haldwani Garhwal Kesri Badri Outt Pandey demanded special status for the region Garh Kesri Ansuya Prasad Bahuguna called for development of Garhwal Kumaon region as a separate unit or state.

1954: Indira Singh Nayal a member of state legislative assembly wrote a letter to the Chief Minister Govind Vallabh Pant requesting for separate arrangements for the development of the region.

1955: Fazal Ali called for reformation of U.P. with the intention of forming a separate state of Uttrakhand.

1957: Vice-President of planning commission T.T. Krishnachari called for special attention to the problem of the people of hilly regions.

12th May 1970: Indira Gandhi imposed the responsibility of backwardness and underdevelopment of the hill stations V.P. on the state and the Central Government.

24th July 1979: Formation of "Uttarakhand Kranti Dal" for the formation of a separate hill state.

June 1987: Pledge for formation of separate Uttarakhand state in all party meeting in Karnprayag.

Nov. 1987: Protest in Delhi and noticed to President. Haridwar was included as a part of Uttarakhand as per notice.

1991: B.J.P. government passed the proposal for formation of Uttaranchal in the legislative assembly and sent it to Central Government for approval.

1994: Chief Minister Mulayam Singh Yadav set up Kaniskya committee for evaluating demands for Uttarakhand. On 21 June 1994, the committee submitted its report in favour of Uttarakhand.

June 1994: Students' movements all over Uttarakhand for separate state.

19th Aug. 1994: Strike observed by employees of state government in Nainital, slogans were shorted in Loksabaha

1st Sep. 1994: Police firing on protestors in Khatima, many were killed curfew imposed in Haldwani and Khatima.

2nd Sep. 1994: Police firing on protestors in Mussorrie, 7 killed including DSP.

3rd Sep. 1994: Mass protest of people from all walks of life including students, women etc. in all over Uttaranchal.

1st - 2nd Oct. 1994: Atrocities on protestors in their way to Delhi many killed, many imprisoned, their bus was set to fire, misbehaviour with women Mass protest in Delhi police firing on mob.

3rd Oct. 1994: Mass protest all over Uttaranchal public property were destroyed curfew imposed in various region one person each killed in Nainital, Rishikesh and Dehradun

7th Oct. 1994: One woman killed in police firing, one police station looted and policemen made to parade without uniform.

13th Oct. 1994: One killed during curfew in Dehradun.

27th Oct. 1994: Peace restored in Uttaranchal after talks with then Home Minister Rajesh Pilot.

10th Nov. 1995: Two protestors killed as a result of police atrocities on protestors in Triyank Taapu, Srinagar.

5th Aug. 1996: Prime Minister H. D. Devegauda announced the formation of Uttarakhand state from the red fort and asked the state legislative assembly for its opinion

1998: For the first time B.J.P. sent an ordinance for the formation of Uttaranchal state through the President to the state legislative assembly.

2000: The government headed by Atal Behari Vajpayee once again sent the Uttar Pradesh reformation bill-2000 for the formation of Uttaranchal. The Central Government presented the bill in the Lok Sabha on 27th July 2000; the bill was passed in the Lok Sabha on the 1st August 2000 and on 10th August 2000 in the Rajya Sabha. On 28th August 2000 it received the sanction of the President. The Central Government fixed 9th November 2000 for the formation of the Uttaranchal state.

Letter then congress government the change the name Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand.


Source: "Uttaranchal - Dilemma of Plenties and Scarcities" by VP Sati and Kamlesh Kumar

Cong MLA calls off hunger strike in Assembly

Dehra Dun, Mar 15 (PTI) Congress MLA Kishore Upadhayay has called off his hunger strike inside the Uttarakhand Assembly following an assurance from the Speaker of the house.

On being assured by Speaker Harbans Kapoor last night, Upadhayay called off his strike but warned that all his demands should be accepted by March 21.

In case, my demands are not accepted by March 21, I will again sit on hunger strike from March 22, Upadhayay said.

Kapoor met Upadhaya in the house along with Parliamentary Affairs Minister Prakash Pant and Leader of the Opposition Harak Singh Rawat around midnight and assured that Chief Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank has agreed to listen to the demands raised by the Tehri MLA.

Upadhayay began his indefinite fast inside the Vidhan Sabha yesterday, alleging that the state government is callous towards Tehri constituency.

Setting up a university at Ranichauri in Tehri, opening of schools, colleges and hospitals, developing infrastructural facilities and starting water-tourism activities in the Tehri dam lake are among the 25 demands put up by the legislator.

5.65 lakh registered with employment exchange

Dehra Dun, Mar 15 (PTI) Over 5.65 lakh unemployed youths have been registered with Uttarakhand employment exchange with 26,576 persons already getting jobs till December, the state Assembly was informed today.In reply to a question in the Vidhan Sabha, Parliamentary Affairs Minister Prakash Pant said the government has provided jobs to 26,576 persons through the employment exchange till December last year.Pant, however, said there is no separate labour policy in the state.The Department of Industries has notified that the industries must provide 70 per cent of jobs to local youths.From the year 2003 to 2010, a total of 9,546 youths were given jobs in various industries through the employment exchange, he said.While, a total of 27,982 youths were taken directly recruited by industries on permanent basis, he said.On the contractual basis, the industries directly recruited 18,044 persons, he said.The minister said the government has also set up a committee at the district level to monitor the employment opportunities being created by the industries which are being benefited from various tax incentives.